Abu Qatada al-Ansari narrated that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked about fasting on the day of Arafah, whereupon he said: “It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year.”
In Sahih Muslim, it was narrated from Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of Arafah. He comes close and expresses His fulfillment to the Angels, saying, “What do these people want?”
The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best of Dua is Dua of the Day of Arafah, and the best of what I and the Prophets before me have said is: Laa Ilaahaa illall laahu-wah dahu laa shareeka lahu-lahul mulku-wa lahul hamdu- wa huwa alaa kulli shayin kadeer.
[None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partners. His is the dominion and His is the praise, He has power over all things – Tirmidhi]
The Day of Arafah falls on the 9th day of Dhul al-Hijjah of the lunar Islamic calendar. At dawn of this day, Muslim pilgrims make their way from Mina to a nearby hillside called Mount Arafah. It was from this site that our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) gave his farewell sermon in the final year of his life.
Allah, the Most High and Exalted says in Surah al Maa’idah 5:3,
“This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as your religion.”
Imam Ibn Kathir in his tafsir says,
“Imam Ahmad recorded that Tariq bin Shihab said, “A Jewish man said to Umar bin Al-Khattab, ‘O Leader of the Believers! There is a verse in your Book which is read by all of you (Muslims). And had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed) as a day of celebration.’
Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, ‘Which is that verse?’. The Jew replied, ‘This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as your religion.’
Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) replied, ‘By Allah! I know when and where this verse was revealed to Allah’s Messenger. It was the evening on the Day of Arafah on a Friday.”
The Day of Arafah is also significant because Allah swore by this Day in Surah al-Burooj, 85:1-3:
“By the sky containing great stars. And (by) the promised Day. And (by) the witness and what is witnessed.”
Allah, the Most High and Exalted swears by nothing except that which is great and mighty! So, the Day of Arafah is of great significance.
It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“The promised day is the Day of Ressurection, the witnessed day is the Day of Arafah, and the witnessing day if Friday” – Tirmidhi
It is Sunnah to recite the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar – Allah is the most Great),
Tahmeed (Alhamdulillah – All Praise are Allah’s),
and Tahleel (Subhan Allah – Glorified is Allah), during the 10 Days of Dhul-al Hijjah.This is the least of act of worship that a Muslim can do during these days.
Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “There is no day more honorable in Allah’s sight and no acts more beloved therin to Allah than those in these ten days. So say tahleel, takbeer, and tahmid a lot (on those days).”– Ahmad
Recite and revive your relationship with the Quran, do more good deeds, pray nawafil prayers, fast, pray Tahajjud and give in charity because the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these days.”, The Companions asked, “O Messenger of Allah, not even Jihad in the Way of Allah?”, He said, “Not even Jihad save for the man who puts his life and wealth for Allah’s sake and returns with neither of them.”
[Note- Only those who aren’t able to perform Hajj have to fast, Insha Allah.]
Last but not the least, offer your Qurbani or (Udhhiya). The sacrifice of a livestock animal during Eid Al-Adhaa.
Jaabir, (May Allah be pleased with him) said, “I prayed on Eid Al-Adhaa with the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) and when he finished (the prayer), he was brought one ram, and he sacrificed it. He said, ‘In the Name of Allah, Allah is Most Great. This is on behalf of myself, my family members and any of my Ummah who did not offer a sacrifice.”
May Allah, The Most High, the Exalted and The Most Loving, give us a chance to be among those who perfrom Hajj next year. May He accept our prayers, our Dua’s and wipe away our sins. May He bestow upon us, our family, and all His believing slaves, His Mercy and Blessings and May Allah, Who loves to pardon, and Who loves us, Who listens to our problems, Who hears our invocations and Who wants us to be with Him in Jannah, keep us guided in the right path. May Allah, our Portector and our Guardian, protect us from the evil whisperings of the Shayateen and May He raise our ranks in Jannah.
Ameen, Ya Rabbul Aalameen.